The potential of mangosteen peel as a biosorbent: A review

January 02, 2024 | Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy |

Hailing from Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia, this study delves into the transformative potential of mangosteen peel, a byproduct of the fruit processing industry, as a versatile biosorbent. Recognizing its lignocellulose-based composition, the research explores the underutilized capabilities of mangosteen peel in wastewater treatment. While prior investigations focused on its efficacy in adsorbing heavy metal ions, dyes, and facilitating CO2 separation, the study aims to broaden the horizons by examining its applicability to diverse compounds as adsorbates. Achieving separation efficiencies exceeding 90%, the mangosteen peel biosorbent demonstrates promising versatility. The nuanced diffusion of adsorbate molecules into biosorbent pores is contingent upon material suitability and operational conditions, suggesting opportunities for optimization. The study underscores the importance of biosorbent pretreatment processes to augment adsorption capacity, paving the way for cost-effective and environmentally friendly wastewater treatment. Remarkably, the mangosteen peel biosorbent maintains robust performance even after regeneration cycles, emphasizing its potential across various applications. This research not only contributes to efficient waste utilization but also opens avenues for reducing costs, minimizing process waste, and fostering sustainability in wastewater treatment practices.

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