Durian (Durio zibethinus L.): Nutritional composition, pharmacological implications, value-added products, and omics-based investigations

March 29, 2024 | Horticulturae |

Conducted by Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, this review delves into the multifaceted aspects of durian (Durio zibethinus L.), a tropical fruit renowned for its unique flavor and rich nutritional profile. As durian cultivation gains traction in Southeast Asia, understanding its health benefits and economic potential becomes paramount. The review comprehensively analyzes the nutritional composition and bioactive compounds present in durian pulp, peel, and seeds, shedding light on its therapeutic properties.

Furthermore, it explores the valorization of durian waste, emphasizing the potential for developing value-added products. The study encapsulates recent advancements in omics-based research, elucidating the molecular intricacies of durian post-harvest ripening and sensory attributes. It highlights the significance of molecular markers in accelerating the breeding of superior durian cultivars with desired traits.

The review also suggests leveraging underutilized durian parts, such as flowers and leaves, for their bioactive compounds, to foster a sustainable bioeconomy. Lastly, it advocates for the development of innovative durian products tailored to the preferences of health-conscious consumers. Overall, this study offers valuable insights into maximizing the potential of durian cultivation and its derived products in promoting human health and economic growth.

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