Comprehensive analysis of aroma compounds in passion fruit and their application in juice beverages

March 01, 2024 | Natural Products in Beverages |

Researchers at the Shanghai Institute of Technology, China, explored the aroma compounds of passion fruit and their effects on sensory perception and consumer preference. Passion fruit is known for its unique flavor and aromatic profile, which are critical to its popularity in the food and beverage industry. The research utilized the Spinning Cone Column (SCC) extraction technique, a gentle method performed under vacuum conditions, to obtain passion fruit extracts with a rich aromatic composition.

Analytical techniques such as gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) were employed to identify and quantify the specific aroma compounds present in passion fruit juice. The volatile profile of passion fruit includes esters, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, terpenes, and sulfur compounds, with esters being the most abundant. The study found that the content and composition of these aroma substances vary throughout the fruit's developmental stages and among different varieties.

Understanding the volatile components and their variations is essential for comprehending the factors that contribute to passion fruit’s distinctive aroma. Additionally, the study noted that passion fruit's aroma compounds might have potential health-promoting properties. The findings provide valuable insights for product development, flavor enhancement, and the utilization of passion fruit in various applications. Further research is recommended to explore the relationship between these aroma compounds and the health benefits of passion fruit.

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