National Strategy for Climate Change until 2050, Vietnam

Vietname Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment | Source | Download

Vietnam's National Strategy for Climate Change until 2050 is a far-reaching policy document that spans from 2022 to 2050, encompassing a wide range of sectors. With a clear commitment to addressing climate change, this strategy sets ambitious objectives that will drive Vietnam's resilience, emission reductions, and economic competitiveness.

Overall Objectives

  • Effective Adaptation: The strategy seeks to enhance Vietnam's ability to adapt to climate change effectively, reducing vulnerabilities, losses, and damage caused by climate-related impacts. This includes improving water and land resource management, fostering climate-resilient agriculture, and ensuring food security.

  • Greenhouse Gas Reduction: Vietnam is determined to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, aligning with international efforts to protect the global climate. This goal involves significant emissions reductions by 2030 and a rapid decline in emissions following a peak in 2035.

  • Economic Growth and Competitiveness: While mitigating climate change and enhancing resilience, the strategy aims to improve the quality of economic growth and enhance Vietnam's competitiveness.

Specific Objectives for Adaptation

  • Water and Land Resources: By 2030, Vietnam aims to control the deterioration of water and land resources, ensuring sufficient water supply for various sectors while minimizing vulnerability to climate impacts.
  • Agriculture: The strategy promotes climate-resilient agriculture, sustainable value chains for agricultural products, and food security.
  • Biodiversity and Forests: Vietnam strives to maintain at least 42% forest coverage, designate reserves, and protect coastal areas, fostering biodiversity conservation.
  • Clean Water: The goal is to provide clean, sanitized water to 95% of the population, with 80% having access to standard clean water, enhancing public health and disaster resilience.

Specific Objectives for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

  • Net Zero Emission by 2050: Vietnam commits to achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, with emissions peaking in 2035 and then rapidly declining.
  • Sectoral Mitigation: The strategy outlines sector-specific objectives, including adopting low-emission agricultural practices, promoting sustainable forestry and land use, and reducing waste throughout production and consumption.

Vietnam's National Strategy for Climate Change until 2050 underscores the nation's commitment to climate resilience, emission reductions, and sustainable growth. It represents a comprehensive roadmap to ensure a secure, resilient, and responsible future in the face of climate challenges.